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Data

The Minnesota Census Research Data Center (RDC) provides access to Census micro data for approved research projects (see proposal guidelines). These data sets are not a regular part of the Census Bureau data dissemination program. A detailed listing of available data sets is provided at the CES Data link which includes links to documentation and survey sponsors. Further information on the contents of the data sets listed can be found at the Census web page (www.census.gov). Researchers need to consult with a RDC Administrator on availability of particular data sets before writing research proposals.

Four groups of data sets are available:

Demographic Data: Censuses and surveys of households and individuals. These data are not public use files. Include complete geography (in many cases down to the block). Items such as income are not topcoded. Individual identifiers such as name, address, and social security numbers are not included.

Economic Data: Censuses and surveys of business establishments and firms. With very few exceptions, no public use files exist for these surveys.

Linked Business and Household Data: Uses modern statistical and computing techniques to combine federal and state administrative data on employers and employees with core Census Bureau censuses and surveys while protecting the confidentiality of people and firms that provide the data.

Public Health Data (Non-Census Data): The MnRDC now has access to data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). A detailed description of the NCHS data and how to gain access through the RDC can be found at www.cdc.gov/nchs. Descriptions of the differences between NCHS RDC confidential data and public use versions of the data are given in this linked chart. A summary of NCHS surveys and data systems can be found here. A detailed description of AHRQ's MEPS-IC file and how to gain access through the RDC can be found on AHRQ's RDC web page. An informative health related research discussion paper can be found here: Health Related Research Using Confidential U.S. Census Bureau Data.

Demographic Data

Database Name Survey Unit Frequency Time Periods Available Number of Observations Description Sponsor
American Community Survey Household Annual 1996-2012; yearly, 3-year, and 5-years files Varies by year; by 2003, 3 million households surveyed annually Annual updates of the social, economic, and housing characteristics of the population Bureau of the Census
American Housing Survey - Metropolitan Survey Household Biennial Even-numbered years; rotating sample of metropolitan areas Approx. 55,000 households in 41 metropolitan areas; each area surveyed every six years Characteristics of housing units and their occupants Department of Housing and Urban Development
American Housing Survey - National Household Biennial, odd-numbered years 1984-2009 Approx. 55,000 households Characteristics of housing units and their occupants Department of Housing and Urban Development
CPS Annual Demographics Survey (March Supplement) Household Annual March 1967-2013 72,000 households Work experience, sources of income, migration, household composition, health insurance coverage, and receipt of noncash benefits Bureau of the Census, Bureau of Labor Statistics
CPS Food Security Supplement (December Supplement) Household Annual December 2005-2012 54,000 households Household food expenditures, food program participation, food sufficiency, ways for coping with food insecurity, and concerns about food security U.S. Department of Agriculture
Decennial Census Household  Every Ten Years 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010 One-in-six households (long form) Social, economic, and housing characteristics of the population Bureau of the Census
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Household Annual 2006-2012 40,000 householes (approx. 75,000 individuals) annually Criminal victimization Bureau of Justice Statistics
National Longitudinal Mortality Study Individual Variable 1973 to 1998   Mortality status and cause of death information linked to various sources of demographic data Bureau of the Census, National Cancer Institute, National Center for Health Statistics, National, Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institute on Aging
National Longitudinal Survey Household Annual Around 1966-1999 depending on specific subset Approximately 5,000 Contains state fips codes for various cohorts for each survey year. Adds geographic information to the public use file.  
Survey of Income and Program Participation Household Longitudinal panels    1984-1993, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2008 Sample sizes (by panel) range from 14,000 to 37,000 households Economic situation of households including source and amount of income, labor force information, program participation and eligibility, and general demographic characteristics Bureau of the Census
SIPP-SSA Files (MBR, SSR, MEF and 831 Files) Individual Annual 1984-1993, 1996, 2001   SIPP-SSA matched files: Master Beneficiary Record, Supplemental Security Record, Master Earnings File, and 831 Disability Files Bureau of the Census
Survey of Program Dynamics Household Annual interviews 1992-1993 SIPP panel households 1997:35,000 households 1998-2002: 18,500 households This survey follows former SIPP respondents to measure the effects of welfare reform Bureau of the Census

Economic Data

Database Name Survey Unit Frequency Time Periods Available Number of Observations Description Sponsor Sector
Annual Retail Trade Survey Firm Annual 1999-2012   sales, purchases, e-commerce, inventories for retail, food service and accomdation industries Bureau of the Census Business
Annual Survey of Manufactures Establishment Annual 1973-2011 55,000-70,000 per year Collects 5-digit product detail Bureau of the Census Business
Annual Capital Expenditures Survey Firm  Annual 1993-2012 45,000-60,000 Firm-level survey to collect industry-level data on capital investment in new and used structures and equipment  Bureau of the Census Business
Auxiliary Establishment Establishment Every 5 years 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2002 30,000-40,000 per year Auxiliary establishment geography, cost, and employment data Bureau of the Census Business
Business Expenditures Survey Establishment  Every 5 years 1992-2007 60,000 firms and EINs Formerly the Assets and Expenditures Survey (AES). Data collected on operating expenses - fringe benefits, fees, computer expenses, etc  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Construction Industries Establishment Every 5 years 1972-2007 Approx 200,000 establishments. The CCN covers all employer establishments primarily engaged in construction  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Establishment  Every 5 years 1992-2007 656,000-696,0000 Census of establishments primarily engaged in transactions involving the creation, liquidataion, or change in ownership of financial assets  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Manufactures Establishment  Every 5 years

1963,        1967-2012

about 400,000 per year Collects 7-digit product detail Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Mining Establishment Every 5 years 1987-2007 25,000-35,000 Information about structure and function of mining sector.  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Retail Trade Establishment Every 5 years 1977-2007 1.4-1.7 million per year CRT covers domestic establishments with payroll that retail merchandise and related services  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Services Establishment Every 5 years 1977-2007  1.2-2.2 million per year  Service-related establishments  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities Establishment Every 5 years 1987-2007 166,000-273,000 Information about the Transportation, Communications, and Utilities industries  Bureau of the Census Business
Census of Wholesale Trade Establishment Every 5 years 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2007 399,000-530,000, per year  Establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise  Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Business Owners Firms & their owners Every 5 years 1982-2007 117,000-128,000 per year Owner demographics, firm economic performance Bureau of the Census Business
Commodity Flow Survey Shipment Record   1993, 1997, 2002, 2007 5-10 million shipments from 140,000 establishments Volume and weight of shipments between zip codes Department of Transportation Business
Compustat-SSEL Bridge Enterprise(firm)   1981-2005 Over 115,000 firm year records The March 2001 Compustat file is linked to the 1981-2001 SSEL, providing firm level linkage  Bureau of the Census Business
Enterprise Summary Report Establishment Every 5 years 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992 6,200-11,000 Large company statistics including number of establishments, employees, annual payroll, sales and receipts, and some financial characteristics  Bureau of the Census Business
Large Company Survey - Enterprise Summary Report Establishment Every 5 years 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992 6,000-7,000 per year Large firm geography, cost, and output data Bureau of the Census Business
Longitudinal Business Database Establishment Annual 1976-2012 24 million unique establishments All US business establishments with paid employees form 1976 to present  Bureau of the Census Business
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Establishment  Every 4 years 1985, 1988, 1991, 1998, 2002, 2006 12,000-23,000 Energy consumption and usage patterns Department of Energy Business
National Employer Survey Establishment   1994, 1996, 1997, 1998 1,000-5,500 per year Employer practices and expectations concerning education and training, and wordforce quality. Department of Education Business
Owner Change Database Establishment Every 5 years 1963-2002 7,200-21,000 per year Tracks change in ownership of manufacturing establishments between consecutive census year.  Bureau of the Census Business
Quarterly Financial Report Firm Quarterly 1977-2014 (Q1) 15,000 per quarter Balance sheet and income statement data

 Bureau of the Census

Internal Revenue Service

Business
Services Annual Survey Firm Annual 1991-2012 72,000 Service activity in the United States Bureau of the Census Business
Standard Statistical Establishment List Establishment Annual 1975-2012 ~7 million employers; ~17 million non-employers (1997) Business register - economic survey universe; underlies longitudinal links Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Industrial Research and Development and Business Research Development and Innovation Survey Firm Annual 1972-2011 4000-13,000 per year Research and development expenditures Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Manufacturing Technology Establishment   1988, 1991,1993 10,000 Use of 17 advanced manufacturing technologies Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Plant Capacity Utilization Establishment Annual, Quarterly 1974-2014 17,000 Current data on the rates of capacity utilization in U.S. manufacturing plants.  Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures Establishment   1974-78, 1979-82,1984-86, 1988-94, 1999, 2005 16,500 to 21,000 per year Operating and capital expenditures on pollution abatement Bureau of the Census Business
Foreign Trade Exports and Imports Shipments Continuously thru 2010  

Shipping information: value, weight, origin/distination, customs port, method of transportation

Bureau of the Census Business
Survey of Busniess Owners Firm Every 5 years 1982-2007   The SBO data include demographic and economic information about business owners and their business activities. Bureau of the Census Business

Linked Business and Household Data

Database Name Survey Unit Frequency Time Periods Available Number of Observations Description Sponsor
LEHD Employer Characteristics File (LEHD-ECF) Establishments, Companies and/or Enterprises Quarterly 1989-2008 Several million establishments from 31 states (as of 2007) Quarterly measures of payroll and monthly employment (LEHD Data Documentation) Bureau of the Census
LEHD Geocoded Address List (LEHD-GAL) Establishments, Companies and/or Enterprises Irregular 1990-2008 Varies by State Unique commercial and residential addresses in a state geocoded to the Census Block and latitude/longitude coordinates. Bureau of the Census
LEHD Employer Quarterly Workforce Indicators (LEHD-QWI) Establishments, Companies and/or Enterprises Quarterly 2008 Approximately 4 million establishments from more than 20 states Quarterly measures of workforce composition and worker turnover at the establishment level for selected states (LEHD Data Documentation) Bureau of the Census

Public Health Data

Database Name Survey Unit Frequency Time Periods Available Number of Observations Description Sponsor
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Insurance Component(MEPS-IC) Establishment Annual 1996-2002, 2008-2013 Approximately 25,000 establishments per year Data on employer-provided health insurance Bureau of the Census
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Household Annual 1969-2004 43,000 Households (approximately 100,000 people) Basic health and demographic, health conditions and utilization, health status, health care services, and behavior  NCHS
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Household Annual Periodic 1971-74, 1976-80, 1988-94; Continuous beginning in 1999 7,000 individuals interviewed & 5,000 complete health exam component Health and nutritional status of adults and children, demographics, examinations, lab tests, & personal interviews  NCHS
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Individuals Continuous   12,000+ Family life, marriage and divorce, pregnancy, infertility, use of contraception, and men's and women's health  NCHS
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Household Component (HC) Household Annual Annual 12,000 Health conditions and status,  medical  services, charges and payments, access to care, insurance coverage  AHRQ